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2019年成人高考高起点英语试题及答案

发布时间:2019-02-15浏览:71次 编辑:孙老师 收藏文章

英语试题

本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分。共150分。考试用时120分钟。

第Ⅰ卷(三部分共115分)

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,请先将答案划在试题卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试题卷上的答案转涂或转填到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题l.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有l0秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. How many children are there in the classroom?

A. Seven.                          B. Five.                      C. Twelve.

2. Where is the man's bike now?

A. Under the stairs.                  B. At the gate.        C. In his room.

3. Why won't the woman go to town tomorrow?

A. Because it will rain.

B. Because it will be too hot.

C. Because it will be too cold.

4. What does the woman suggest?

A. They don't have to go to the concert.

B. They'll have to rent a car as early as possible.

C. The subway is fine with her.

5. Where does this conversation take place?

A. At a restaurant.           B. At a theatre.      C. At a station.

第二节(共12小题;每小题l.5分,满分18分)

听下面4段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。

请听第6段材料,回答第6至8题。

6. Where does the woman want to go?

A. The post office.

B. The cinema.

C. A park.

7. Who can answer the woman's question?

A. The man with a beard.

B. The man with a mustache.

C. The man with a bottle of beer.

8. Where is the man standing?

A. By the post office.         B. By the lamppost.         C. By the mail box.

请听第7段材料,回答第9至11题。

9. Where are the two speakers?

A. In the office.             B. At home.              C. In a restaurant.

10. What time is it now?

A. In the morning.            B. In the afternoon.     C. In the evening.

11. What is wrong with the man?

A. He has a running nose.     B. He has a fever.        C. He has a headache.

请听第8段材料,回答第12至14题。

12. Who are the two speakers?

A. A conductor and a conductress.

B. A reporter and a conductress.

C. The organizer of the race and a participant.

13. When does the dialogue take place?

A. A day before the race.

B. Right after the race.

C. A day after the race.

14. How long has she been cycling?

A. 17 years.                    B. 18 years.                  C. 19 years.

请听第9段材料,回答第15至17题。

15. Why isn't the man looking cheerful?

A. Because he is ill.

B. Because he misses his grandfather.

C. Because he is fed up with everything.

16. What is the problem nowadays?

A. There's no variety in our lives.

B. There're too many sorts of jobs.

C. There're too many television programs.

17. What does the man need?

A. He needs a new office.       B. He needs a holiday.    C. He needs a new job.

第三节(共3小题;每小题1.5分,满分4.5分)

听下面独白。将第18至第20三个小题的信息补充完整,用你所听到的数或单词填空,每小

题填一个单词或数。听本段独白前,你将有15秒钟时间阅读下面三个小题。听完后,你将有15

秒钟的作答时间。本段独白读两遍。

请听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。

News Reports

How many persons fell into the water?(18)

What was said about the man?With dark(19)

What did the woman wear?Blue trousers & a(20)     jacket,

第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题l分,满分l5分)

从A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

21. --When shall we meet to discuss the project?

--Any time you feel like      .

A. that             B. this              C. it               D. one

22. It's hard to track      blue whale in that ocean, which has been killed off by commercial whaling and is now listed as      endangered species.

A. the; the          B. the; 不填          C. a; 不填           D. the ; an

23. Jean could be a very pretty girl, but she      no attention to her clothes.

A. pays             B. was paying         C. paid              D. had paid

24. --Guess what? Yesterday I ran into Jessie, one of my old friends. We haven't seen for years.

--      !

A. Sounds great      B. Good for you      C. So nice           D. Once again

25. There is a belief among students in some universities      to be a volunteer will help prepare themselves for the future.

A. where            B. who              C. whether           D. that

26. Bill has been working on The Wall Street Journal for eight years and never once      late to work.

A. he had come       B. he has come        C. had he come       D. has he come

27. Max could smell the rain coming. And it did. Suddenly the lightning flashed through the clouds, nearly

him.

A. to blind           B. blinded           C. blinding          D. having blinded

28. We had a really bad time about six months ago but now things are      .

A. looking up         B. coming up        C. making up         D. turning up

29. Finally they arrived at a place      sold cigarettes and other small articles.

A. in which           B. which            C. from which        D. what

30. --Mom, I can't find my new T-shirt.

--Oh, honey, it      after you went to see AVATAR. It is still in the dryer.

A. has been washing                       B. has washed

C. was to be washed                       D. was washed

31.--I am wondering how to find the newly-built theater.

--Go straight two blocks. You       miss it, for it's a white building like a huge castle.

A. can't            B. mustn't           C. shan't            D. needn't

32. A British official has said Britain risks failing to benefit from the economic revolution in China

British students are persuaded to study in China.

A. if               B. unless            C. even if           D. now that

33. --Sorry to hear that you had your leg broken in the final. Is it getting better?

-- No, it's      .

A. bad              B. worse            C. worst            D. serious

34. Work starts every day at 7 a.m and goes on until late afternoon      a break at midday.

A. by               B. with              C. for               D. after

35. --If I have any trouble designing Swiss Pavilion of EXPO2010, could you help me?

--      .

A. It's a pleasure                           B. It doesn't matter

C. Not at all                               D. By all means

第二节:完形填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36-55各题所给的四个选项A、B、C和D中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

When I was ten, my family moved to a housing project in East Los Angeles. Even though we struggled to make  36  meet, my parents stressed to me .  37  fortunate we were to live in a great country with  38  opportunities. They imbued(灌输) in me the  39  of family, faith and love for our country.

The following year, my dad, Benjamin, injured his back working in a cardboard-box factory and was  40  as a hairstylist. He rented space in a shopping mall and gave his shop the fancy name of Mr Ben's Coiffure.

The owner of the shopping center gave Dad a discount on his  41  for cleaning the parking lot three nights a week, which  42  getting up at 3 a.m. To pick up trash, Dad used a little machine that looked like a lawn mower  43  Morn and I emptied garbage cans and picked up litter  44  .

I did this job for two years, but the lessons I learned have  45  a lifetime. I acquired discipline, a strong work ethic and a  46  attitude towards life, I also learned at an early age the importance of  47  life's competing interests---in my  48  , school, homework and a job. All  49  helped during my senior year of high school, when I worked 40 hours a week at a fast-food restaurant while  50  precollege courses.

The hard work paid off. I attended the U.S. Military Academy and went on to receive graduate 51  in law and business from Harvard,  52  I joined a big Los Angeles law firm. In these jobs and in everything else I've done, I have never forgotten those days in the parking lot. The experience has  53 me that there is dignity in all work and that if people are working to  54  themselves and their families that is something we should  55  .

36. A. endsB. demandsC. challengesD. friends

37. A. soB. whatC. whyD. how

38. A. pricelessB. resistlessC. limitlessD. sightless

39. A. efforts    B. decisionsC. concepts D. activities

40. A. retired    B. resigned     C. replaced  D. retrained

41. A. sales    B. rent         C. machine    D. shop

42. A. meant    B. kept     C. needed       D. started

43. A. since    B. although    C. when         D. while

44. A. with joy     B. on purposeC. by hand      D. in time

45. A. proved       B. impressedC. marked       D. lasted

46. A. practicalB. pleasant    C. positive    D. tolerant

47. A. developingB. balancingC. comparingD. facing

48. A. case         B. example    C. dream    D. attempt

49. A. generally        B. lately      C. really     D. typically

50. A. applying     B. doing   C. following     D. taking

51. A. titles        B. instructionsC. chances     D. degrees

52. A. after that    B. ever since   C. after which D. after then

53. A. equipped        B. prepared     C. taught     D. guided

54. A. serve for    B. feed on      C. provide for   D. count on

55. A. believe          B. honor        C. remember     D. support

第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题:每小题2分,满分40分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的四个选项A、B、C和D中,选出最佳选项。

A

"BANG!" the door caused a reverberation(回声). It was just standing there, with Father standing on one side, and I on the other side.

We were both in great anger. "Never set foot in this house again!" stormed Father. With tears welling up in my eyes, I rushed out of the flat and ran along the street.

The street lights were shining rather desolately(凄凉的). I wandered aimlessly.

A young father who held a child in his arms walked past me. I felt as if I saw my childhood from another space: happy and harmonious.

But now... I don't know whether it is because I have grown up or because dad is getting old. We differ in our ways of thinking. He always forces his opinions and codes of behavior on me. Whenever I do something wrong, he never turns a blind eye to it. We are just like two people coming from two different worlds. It feels like there is an iron door between us that can never be opened.

I wandered the streets, without a destination in mind. My heart was frozen on this hot summer night. As I walked on there were fewer and fewer people on the streets, until I had only the street lights to keep me company. When I finally reached the high-rise apartment block in which I lived, I saw that the light was still on.

In fact, it was nothing. Perhaps, dad was throwing away some of his old stamps. Perhaps he thought they were useless. I never had the courage to tell him that I liked collecting stamps. I can't stand his outrageous(蛮横的) words: " I can throw you away, let alone these old papers."

All the lights were off except father's.

Dad was always like this. Maybe he didn't know how to express himself. After shouting at me, he never showed any mercy or any moments of regret. After an argument he has the habit of approaching in my sleep and then covering me with the quilt.

This was how he always was. He has been a leader for so long that telling everyone else what to do has become his second nature.

The light was still on. "Am I wrong?" I whispered, maybe... With the key in hand, I was as nervous as I had ever been. At last, I decided to open the door. As soon as I opened the door, tears ran down my cheeks. I suddenly realized that the iron door that I had imagined between us did not exist at all. Love-is second to none.

56. Decide which is the best order of the following according to what happened in the passage.

a. I opened the door and entered the house.

b. Sadly I ran out into the street.

c. I reached the place where I lived and saw my house still brightly lit.

d. I thought of my father's kindness towards me.

e. I walked about in the street without any aim.

A. b, e, d, c, a    B. b, e, c, d, a     C. b, e, a, c, d     D. b, e, c, a, d

57. What made the writer think of his childhood?

A. The sight of the desolate street lights.

B. The sight of the empty street.

C. The sight of a father with a child in his arms.

D. The sight of light in his own house.

58. Why do you think the father often shouts at his son?

A. Perhaps the father is getting older and older.

B. Perhaps the son has already grown up.

C. Perhaps they never agree with each other.

D. Perhaps the father has got used to doing that.

59. What conclusion can you draw after reading the passage?

A. The father is actually kind to his son.

B. The father treats his son in an unfair way.

C. The father is neither kind nor cruel to his son.

D. The father is always finding fault with his son.

B

Death Valley is one of the most famous deserts in the United States, covering a wide area with its alkali sand. Almost 20 percent of this area is well below sea level, and Badwater, a salt water pool, is about 280 feet below sea level and the lowest point in the United States.

Long ago the Panamint Indians called this place "Tomesha"-- the land of fire. Death Valley's present name dates back to 1849, when a group of miners coming across from Nevada became lost in its unpleasantness and hugeness and their adventure turned out to be a sad story. Today Death Valley has been declared a National Monument and is crossed by several well-marked roads where good services can be found easily. Luckily the change created by human settlement has hardly ruined the special beauty of this place.

Here nature created a lot of surprising, almost like the sights on the moon, ever-changing as the frequent wind moves the sand about, showing the most unusual colors. One of the most astonishing and colorful parts of Death Valley is the Devil's Golf Course, where it seems hard for one to tell reality from dreams. Sand sculptures stand on a frightening ground, as evening shadows move and lengthen.

60. The name of the valley comes from        .

A. an Indian name                              B. the death of the miners

C. the local people                              D. a National Movement

61. From the passage we can learn that        .

A. no one had ever known the desert before the miners

B. it's still not easy to travel across the desert

C. people can find gas-stations, cafes and hotels in the desert

D. people have changed the natural sight of the desert

62. The Devil's Golf Course is famous for        .

A. the terrible sights                             B. the moon-like sights

C. dream-like sights                             D. the ever-changing sights

63. From the passage we can see that the writer          the Death Valley.

A. appreciates         B. is fearful of           C. dislikes           D. is tired of

C

Western New Bridge Library Announcement

Shortened Library Hours for Spring Break

Library Hours have been shortened to 7 hours a day(9:00 a.m.—4:00p.m.)for Spring Break from   March 24 to March 30.

Coming Events ·On Monday, March 24,at 10:30 a.m.,Scott Sutton,a children’s writer, will tell stories to kids over  seven.Sutton’s attractive style will surely inspire everyone present!  ·At 1:00 p.m., on March 26,the Geogetown Musicians will present an Irish Folk Concert,which will be entertaining for the entire family.Come for the music and stay to check out some relevant books for the rest of the week!  ·On Thursday, March 27,at 2:00 p.m., the annual Children’s Gathering will take place in Room 201, the second.floor.Pick up an invitation in the Children’s Room and return your RSVP(回复)to reserve   your seat at the table by 3:00 p.m.on Tuesday, March 25.Only children are allowed in the Gathering.  ·At 10:30 a.m.on Friday, March 28,Enzo Monfre of the hit kid’s science show, ENZOology, will bring Fossils Live! Surely Enzo will take the audience back in time,deep beneath the surface of the earth to uncover the mysteries of killer dinosaurs,and more.Enzo recently appeared on the Ellen DeGeneres Show--come and see him at the library!

Please note:In case of emergency, please call the Help Desk at 926—3736 and follow the procedures   outlined on the voice message.The call-down service is staffed 24 hours a day,7 days a week for emergencies.The Help Desk supplies service to you all the year around! For questions about all these。

Come for the great Fun;Stay for the relevant Books!

64. To attend the annual Children's Gathering, one has to       .

A. buy a ticket                      B. apply in advance

C. make a reservation                D. contact the call-down service

65. According to the passage, Enzo Monfre will       .

A. show the children around a zoo

B. tell stories to children over seven

C. be present at the science show in person

D. lead the children to the Ellen DeGenerse Show

66. The Help Desk in this library supplies service       .

A. only during the daytime           B. in case of emergency

C. till the end of the Spring Break      D. after 22:00 p.m. every day

67. We can learn from the passage that children can       .

A. attend all the activities with their parents

B. enjoy reading some relevant books in the activities.

C. participate in the activities from 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.

D. choose only one of the activities according to their interest

D

With only about 1,000 pandas left in the world, China is desperately trying to clone the animal and save these in a dangerous situation. That's a move similar to what a Texas A & M University researchers have been undertaking for the past five years in a project called "Noah's Ark".

Noah's Ark is aimed at collecting eggs, embryos(胚胎), semen and DNA of these animals and storing them in liquid nitrogen. If certain species should become extinct, Dr. Duane Kraemer, a professor in Texas A & M's College of Veterinary, Medicine, says there would be enough of the basic building blocks to reintroduce the species in the future.

It is estimated that as many as 2, 000 species of mammals, birds and reptiles will probably become extinct in over 100 years. The panda, native only to China, is in danger of becoming extinct in the next 25 years.

This week, Chinese scientists said they grew an embryo by introducing cells from a dead female panda into the egg cells of a Japanese white rabbit. They are now trying to implant the embryo into a host animal.

The entire procedure could take from three to five years to complete.

"The nuclear transfer of one species to another is not easy, and the lack of available panda eggs could be a major problem," Kraemer believes. "They will probably have to do several hundred transfers to result in one pregnancy (having a baby). It takes a long time and it's difficult, but this could be                                                                                                                                                                                                      groundbreaking science if it works. They are certainly not putting any live pandas at risk, so it is worth the effort," adds Kraemer, who is one of the leaders of the Project at Texas A& M, the first-ever attempt at cloning a dog.

"They are trying to do something that's never been done, and this is very similar to our work in Noah's Ark. We're both trying to save animals that face extinction. I certainly appreciate their effort and there's a lot we can learn from what they are attempting to do. The cooperation between us is very much needed."

68. The aim of "Noah's Ark" project is to       .

A. make efforts to clone the endangered pandas  B. save endangered animals from dying out

C. collect DNA of endangered animals to study  D. transfer the nuclear of one animal to another

69. According to Professor Kraemer,       .

A. The long time lasting cloning research could be successful.

B. The eggs transfers immediately result in having a baby.

C. The lack of nuclear transfer could be a major problem to have new pandas.

D. If species should die out, basic building blocks would heal them.

70. The best title for the passage may be       .

A. China's Success in Pandas Cloning

B. Helping Ways to Avoid Extinction

C. Exploring the Possibility to Clone Pandas

D. The Practice in Noah's Ark

71. From the passage we know that       .

A. Kraemer and his team have succeeded in cloning a dog

B. scientists try to implant a panda's egg into a rabbit

C. about two thousand of species are to die out in a century

D. Kraemer will work with Chinese scientists in clone researches

E

A lot of us lose life's tough battles by starting a frontal attack--when a touch of humor might well enable us to win. Consider the case of a young friend of mine, who was on his trapped way to work shortly after receiving an ultimatum(最后通牒) about the job. Although there was a good reason for Sam's being late--serious illness at home--he decided that this by-now-familiar excuse wouldn't work any longer. His supervisor was probably already pacing up and down preparing a dismissal speech.

Yes, the boss was, Sam entered the office at 9:35. The place was as quiet as a locker room(更衣室); everyone was hard at work. Sam's supervisor came up to him. Suddenly, Sam forced a grin and stretched out his hand. "How do you do!" he said. "I'm Sam Maynard. I'm applying for a job, which, I understand, became available just 35 minutes ago. Does the early bird get the worm?"

The room exploded in laughter, except that the supervisor had to clamp off a smile and walked back to his office. Sam Maynard had saved his job--with the only tool that could win, a laugh.

Humor is a most effective, yet frequently neglected, means of handling the difficult situations in our lives. It can be used for patching up differences, apologizing, saying "no", criticizing, getting the other fellow to do what you want without his losing face. For some jobs, it's the only tool that can succeed. It is a way to discuss subjects so sensitive that serious dialog may start a quarrel. For example, many believe that comedians on television are doing more today for racial and religious tolerance than people in any other forum.

72. Why was Sam late for his job?

A. Because he was seriously ill at home.        B. Because he received an ultimatum.

C. Because he was caught in a traffic jam.       D. Because he was busy applying for a new job.

73. What is the main idea of this passage?

A. Sam Maynard saved his job with humor     B. Humor is important in our lives

C. Early bird can get the worm               D. Humor can solve racial discriminations

74. The phrase "clamp off" in Paragraph 3 means       .

A. try to hold back    B. pretend to set      C. send off         D. give out

75. Which of the following statements can we infer from the passage?

A. Many lose life's battles for they are lacking in a sense of humor.

B. It wasn't the first time that Sam came late for his work.

C. Sam was supposed to come to his office at 8:30.

D. Humor is the most effective way of solving problems.

第Ⅱ卷(共35分)

第四部分:(共两节,满分35分)

第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题l分,满分10分)

此题要求改正以下短文中的错误:

该行多一词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。

该行缺一词:在缺词处加一个漏字符(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。

该行错一词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。

Angela works at a university as adviser. Students can76.

come and see her for many problems if they need help77.

or advices. Most of them are worried about their studies78.

and exams. Some of them have problems connecting with79.

renting flats, though the biggest problem was loneliness.80.

Universities are exciting places but some students find difficult81.

to make friends. They miss their families but feel lost in the82.

new environment. They're upset. Angela's job is to listen to and83.

try to understand whether they are feeling. And of course she also84.

gives practical advice when she is needed.85.

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

通过观察以下表格提供的信息,写一篇含有以下三个要点的作文。

1.简述在过去5年间大众在饮食结构上的变化;

2.提出可能造成此变化的原因(至少两个);

3.就此变化作出自己的一个结论。

要求:l. 必须含有题目要求的三个要点;

2.字数100字左右。文首字数不计入总字数。

Changes in People's Diet in China

As is shown in the table, there have been great changes in people's diet over the period from the year 2005 to the year 2009 in China.

参考答案:

1-5CABCA       6-10 BABBA      11-15 CBBAC     16-17 AB

18. 10      19. hair    20. brown

21-25 CDACD      26-30 DCABD   31-35 ABBBD

36-40 ADCCD      41-45 BADCD   46-50 CBACD     51-55 DCCCB

56-59 BCDA       60-63 BCCA     64-67 CCBB       68-71 BACD   72-75 CBAB

76. as后加an      77. see改为ask   78. advices改为advice    79. problems后加which

80. was改为is     81. find后加it    82. but改为and     83. 去掉to

84. whether改为what    85. she改为it

书面表达. 略

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